US supreme court upholds Trump’s travel ban
Blow to anti-discrimination proponents as justices rule 5-4 in favour of Trump administration after months of legal battles
The US state supreme court has upheld Donald Trump’s travel ban targeting several Muslim-majority countries, in a significant victory for the administration and a blow to anti-discrimination advocates.
In a 5-4 ruling handed down on Tuesday, the court accepted the governments statement that the prohibitions was within the presidents power to craft national security policy and his authority to suspend entering of aliens into the United States.
Minutes after the ruling was issued, Trump tweeted: SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS TRUMP TRAVEL BAN. Wow!
Opponents of the ban have said it has not constructed the country safer, while singling out Muslims for unfair treatment and contravening constitutional protections against discrimination on religious grounds.
Even as the court upheld the ban, chief justice John Roberts criticised Trump, and emphasised the importance of the principle of religion non-discrimination in US history.
The president of the United States possesses an extraordinary power to speak to his fellow citizens and on behalf of children, Roberts wrote. Our presidents have frequently used that power to espouse the principles of religious freedom and tolerance on which this nation was founded.
Roberts pointed out that George W Bush protected the true faith of Islam after the September 11 onslaughts and told America is a great country because we share the same values of respect and dignity and human worth.
Yet it cannot be denied, Roberts wrote, that the federal government and the presidents who have carried the national laws into impact have from the nations earliest days performed unequally in living up to those inspiring words.
The lawyer who argued against the ban, Neal Katyal, tweeted that he was disappointed by[ the] decision but that Trump shouldn’t take ruling as approving to continue attacking our constitution. I will always oppose it.
Trump has issued three executive orders curbing travel from certain Muslim-majority countries. Lower tribunals have blocked various versions of the ban. The current order was allowed to come into full result in December 2017.
The ban targets travelers from Syria, Iran, Libya, Yemen and Somalia. It also includes limited sanctions against North Korea and Venezuela.
Trumps controversial forbid was elevated to Americas highest court after several versions of the implementation of policies were rejected by the lower courts.
The president issued his first travel forbidding just a few weeks after taking office in January 2017, inspiring widespread chaos and demonstrations at airports and in metropolis across the US. Although the concerned authorities sought to modify the policy to pass legal muster, different versions of the travel forbid have since been rejected as unconstitutional by federal judges in Hawaii, California, Maryland and Virginia.
The appeals process ultimately forced the conservative-leaning state supreme court to decide the validity of the travel forbid, which in the work of its third version seeks to bar or restriction entry to migrants from five Muslim-majority countries Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen. The policy also imposed traveling restrictions on certain government officials from Venezuela and their own families, as well as North Korea, which were not challenged in court.
Oral arguings before the supreme court in April focused largely on Trumps motives in ordering the travel forbid, committed his sharp rhetoric against Muslims on the 2016 presidential campaign trail.
Opponents of the travel outlaw argued the policy was a watered-down strive by Trump to make good on his campaign pledge to ban all Muslims from coming to the US. They likewise cited Trumps echoed derogatory statements about Muslims and Islam, both as a candidate and since taking office, to demonstrate that the policy was rooted in religious discrimination.
While several of the supreme court justices acknowledged Trumps record of espousing anti-Muslim views, chief justice John Roberts and Justice Anthony Kennedy, the two most likely swing polls, signaled they were reluctant to challenge the presidents authority on what he claims is a matter of national security. The terrace also coped with the importance of having campaign statements in assessing official policy.
While earlier versions of Trumps travel ban indefinitely suspended all refugee admissions to the US, the president signed an executive ordering in October that resumed the processing of refugees. In doing so, Trump also called for a 90 -day review of the program for 11 countries, most of them Muslim-majority, deemed as increased risk by his administration.